Literature in Ancient Rajput Period

In the Rajput period, there was a tendency among the scholars to write more about the regions to which they belonged and the important personalities living there. For instance, Vilhanana wrote the biography of Vikramaditya VI of Chalukya dynasty Chanderbardai wrote in his PnithvinajRaso about the exploits of Prithvi Raj III, the ruler of Ajmer and Delhi. Some scholars wrote the history of a particular region. For instance, Kaihana wrote the history of Kashmir in his Rajtarangni.

Although Sanskrit was regarded by the people as devabhasha (the language of gods), its study was confined only to the elite. Praknii was commonly used by the masses. Literature began to be produced in vernaculars. Various Apabhnamaslua (a Sanskrit word which means impure) was evolved as a distinct language. This language was used for the first time by Chanderbardai in his work PrithvirajRaso. Many regional languages like Bengali, Marathi and Oriya, with their own scripts were evolved as separate languages. These languages received great encouragement from Rajput rulers. The two famous Bengali works Bandlua-Gano and
Surya Purina were written in this Age. The writers in the regional languages drew freely from religious and political literature of Sanskrit.
They also brought into prominence popular legends and folk tales. These regional languages provided the basis for the development of different cultures. They also helped in the growth of regional consciousness.
The Bhakti reformers composed their devotional songs in the regional languages. Bhakti saint Ramanuja wrote commentary on Brahma Suinas, a unique literary work of his time. Jaideva wrote his most famous work Cliii
Covinda.
It beautifully describes the spiritual love of Radha Krishna. Kabir’s devotional songs or Dohas had a great popular appeal for the common people. Guru Nanak Dev preached in the Punjabi language. Tulsi Das wrote his most celebrated work Ramtharitra Manas in Hindi. Sur Das, Mira Bai, Chandi Das, VidyaPati, Gyaneshwar, Tuka Ram and Nam Dev greatly contributed to the growth of the regional literature by their unique works. A remarkable feature of the history of the growth of literature was that some Muslim poets and scholars like Malik Jayasi, Kuthan, Manjhan and Abdul Rahim Khan wrote excellent works in Indian regional languages. Some dramas were also written during this period. The most prominent among them were Lalit Virahafti Natak, Harikeli Natak, Parvati-Parinaya Vidagadha and Mati Madhava.