Pipeline is an important means of transporting petroleum and natural gas. In some countries, pipelines are used for transporting milk. It is a cheap means of transportation in inaccessible areas, dense forests, deserts and on high mountains. The following pipelines have been constructed in India.
(i) A pipeline connects Assam oil fields with Guwahati and Barauni.
(ii) A pipeline connects Haldia oil refinery with Barauni.
(iii) Baraurn has been connected by a pipeline with Kanpur, Mathura and Jalandhar.
(iv) Mumbai High is connected with Trombay oil refinery by a submarine pipeline 207 km long.
(v) The longest pipeline in India is 1220 km long from Salaya (Kutch) to Koyali and onwards to Mathura via Vimgiam in Gujarat.
(vi) A pipeline to car natural gas connects Hazira in Gujarat vth Bijaipur in M.P. to Jagdishpur in U.P. This HBJ pipeline, 1730 km long, would supply gas to six fertilizer plants and two thermal power plants based on natural gas.
(vii) 600 km long pipeline connects Vizag to Secunderabad.
(viii) A. 710 km long pipeline from Mangalore to Coimbatore has also now been commissioned.
Integrating role of transport
Means of transport are the lifeline of a country. A developed and efficient system of transport is vital for maintaining the sovereignty and economic unity of the country. Under the 20 year Nagpur plan, a balanced and integrated transport system of rail, road and waterways
has been aimed at. The different means of transport have played an integrating role in the political and economic unity of India.
(i) These have connected far flung areas with one another. Leh has been connected with Kanya Kumari, while Assam has been connected with Kutch.
(ii) Means of transport distribute food grains, manufactured goods, raw materials and minerals to different parts of the country
(iii) Pipelines supply petroleum and gas to different areas.
(iv) The commercialization of agriculture, manufacturing, growth of towns and cities have been achieved due to means of transport.
(v) The new road, rail lines have integrated the border areas with the rest of the country Jawahar tunnels connects Kashmir valley with India.
(vi) Railway lines through gaps in the Viridhya Satpura hills and in Western Ghats have provided easy connections between the North and South.
(vii) Ganga as a waterway has acted as a unifying agent right from U.P. to West Bengal. Thus each means of transport has played its own role in a unified system of transport.
The inland navigation in India is not important as most of the rivers are not suitable for navigational purposes. Only 14,500 km of inland waterways are navigable. Navigation is carried on in Ganga and Brahmaputra, and in the lower reaches of the Godavari and Krishna, the Buckingham Canal in Tamil Nadu and Andhrà Pradesh and West Coast Canal of Kerala provide navigation.