The influence of Greek Culture on Indian Art

India’s contact with Western Asia and the Greeks also influenced Indian art. The Greeks greatly contributed to the development of Taxila, Gandhara and Mathuta as the centres of art in India. They gave birth to the Gandhara School of Art. Its style is partly Indian and partly Greek. Stone images and statues of the Buddha were carved. Indian architecture was also influenced to some extent by the Greeks. But not a single monument of the Greek style has survived. A temple of high pillars probably belonging to the first century A.D. has been discovered at Taxila.

The Indians learnt much about the art of making coins from the Greeks. Before the coming of the Indo-Bactrians and Indo-Parthians to India, the art of coinage in India was in an infant stage. It is evident from the fact that the coins of Chandragupta Maurya were rough and crude in form. Indians made punch-marked silver and copper coins. The Greeks circulated beautiful coins minted in India. These coins had pictures engraved on the obverse and the reverse. Like the Greek rulers, the rulers in other parts of India started manufacturing beautiful coins.